Bio Cremations

Below is some pricing information along with information about the Bio Cremation process which is technically known as Alkaline Hydrolysis. If you have any further questions please feel free to email us at or call at 1-877-987-3964.

Our Complete Bio Cremation Package Price
Includes Co-ordination, Documentation, Shelter, Transfer of Remains, Unlimited Death Certificates, Bio Cremation Fee, Coroner Fee, Death Registration Fee, HST

Understanding Bio-Cremation

What is Bio-Cremation?

Bio Cremation, also known technically as Alkaline Hydrolysis, is a chemical process that uses a solution of water and potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide to reduce a body to components of liquid and bone. Remaining bone fragments are reduced to a substance similar to cremated ashes.

Benefits of Bio-Cremation

No need to purchase a casket, rental caskets are available for those wishing to have a service prior to Bio Cremation taking place
Your loved one never leaves our care, we perform all Bio Cremations at our facility
Remains are returned to the family for burial or scattering
Medical implants are unaffected and can be recycled
No fossil fuels are consumed and no smoke stacks are required

The Same End Result
Common Misconceptions

Although there are many misconceptions about the Bio Cremation process, the following are the two most common myths about this process:

#1 Acid is used in the Bio Cremation Process: This is completely false. There is absolutely no acid used during this process. With Bio Cremation, the only chemical mixed with the water is an alkaline called potassium hydroxide (KOH), which is a colorless solid, inorganic compound. KOH was the precursor to numerous health and beauty cosmetics and pharmaceuticals, and this substance is also used in blanching olives, soft soaps, cleaning supplies and other items you would commonly find in your home. In the Bio Cremation process, the reaction of KOH in water is exothermic, meaning it gives off significant heat which contributes to the hydrolyzing or breakdown of the human tissue in the sealed cremation chamber.

#2 The Bio Cremation Process Boils the Body: This is also absolutely false. Bio Cremation creates a highly controlled and sophisticated environment that uniquely combines water, alkali and heat. This process biochemically hydrolyzes the human body, leaving only bone fragments. During a typical Bio Cremation cycle, the body is reduced, bone fragments are rinsed and reduced to a powder consistency and the remaining by-product is a sterile fluid.


The sterile by-product (effluent) from Bio Cremation which is made up of small peptides, sugars, amino acids, and soaps is sent to water recycling through municipal water treatment where it is filtered, purified and recycled back to earth either through the aquifer, lakes, streams and non-potable water use.

Did You Know…

Currently, Newcastle Funeral Home is only 1 of 3 funeral home in Ontario that performs Bio Cremation. Bio-Cremation has been around for over 20 years, used by medical facilities and universities for the disposition of bodies that have been donated to science. Medical implants are not damaged and are recycled.

Frequently asked questions

How does alkaline hydrolysis work?

Alkaline hydrolysis is essentially an accelerated version of what takes place in natural decomposition. A combination of gentle water flow, temperature, and alkalinity are used to accelerate the natural course of tissue hydrolysis. The only solid remains are the mineral powder of the bones which are returned to the family for burial or scattering.

Is the final product sterile, and why?

Yes. The system sterilizes via three mechanisms. The first is heat, for an extended period of time. The secondary and tertiary mechanisms for pathogen and chemical destruction are by way of an alkaline environment, and liberated amines. Pathogens and chemicals are either heat, alkaline, or amine-labile, or a combination of the three. It is important to keep in mind that alkaline hydrolysis is the favored technology for pathogen and chemical destruction in high-risk bio containment applications.

Are the bone remains safe to handle?

Yes. The bone remains (calcium phosphate) are 100% safe, pathogen and disease free. The Bio-Response system rinses and cools the bones as part of the automated process. They are safe to handle with bare hands immediately after the process. The bones do not require a cooling time prior to handling, but since this is a water process they will require a drying time before they can be processed for return to the family.

Is there an ash to return to the family as there is with cremation?

Yes. “Ash” is returned to the family in the same manner it is with cremation, but it is in the form of pure calcium phosphate. The ash is lighter in color because it is clean and without carbon discoloration.

Can the bone remains be processed in a standard cremains processor?

Yes. Standard funeral industry cremulators are used for processing the bone remains into a returnable powder.

Is the liquid byproduct corrosive or harmful to pipes?

No. The system automatically cools the effluent well below required discharge regulations. The effluent actually has a preservative and beneficial effect on iron and steel pipes, and is not harmful to plastic pipes. The effluent is an excellent micronutrient package that can benefit wastewater treatment plants.

What devices must be removed from the body?

Medical devices and implants will not create any adverse effects in this system. Items such as titanium implants can be recovered for recycling at the conclusion of the process.

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